In 2003, Royal Grass was the first company to develop and market artificial grass for use in gardens, public parks, roof terraces and other landscaping applications. It was our objective to make artificial grass that was practically indistinguishable from natural grass.
We can offer artificial grass of such high quality thanks to the developments in fibre technology. The new technology was first used in the third generation of artificial grass for sports fields and the benefits are:
- High-quality, specially selected raw materials already successfully used in practical applications.
- UV stability and colour-fastness so the grass does not lose its colour.
- Safety: no heavy metals, like lead or zinc, or other dangerous substances in the raw materials which could harm the users.
- Softness: fibres on which professional footballers could make sliding tackles without burning their skin.
Landscape Solutions worked together with the R&D department of TenCate and developed the V-shaped fibre in 2005. With these V-shape fibres, the blades of grass can stand upright for a longer period of time. That is how Royal Grass artificial grass has become more suitable for daily use than artificial grass without this technology. We have copied the shape of natural grass fibres, the source of inspiration for Landscape Solutions.
Royal Grass products are being developed and produced in the Netherlands. All V-shaped fibres are produced at the TenCate factory and the production of artificial lawn takes place in Genemuiden, the Netherlands. Royal Grass is proud to hold the ‘Powered by Ten Cate’ label.
HOW CAN I DETERMINE THE QUALITY?
That is a difficult question to answer. There are so many factors to be taken into account. If we look at the general aspects of artificial grass we believe that Northern European suppliers offer good quality. This means that the fibres can be used and will stay green for a number of years. Your most important reason for choosing artificial grass is probably to have the benefits of a beautiful lawn without maintenance.
The colour, thickness and the height of artificial grass can differ per product and manufacturer and it is up to you to decide what your preferences are.
When talking about quality, you have to remember that all artificial grass products have one thing in common: they will flatten after a usage period. The shape of the fibre is a key factor in how much the grass will suffer from wear and tear.
Traditional flat fibres may feel nice and look beautiful when you buy them, however this will change after a period of use. The fibres will be flattened, leaving you disappointed. Fortunately, Royal Grass has developed a solution to this problem: the unique and patented V-shape fibre. This V-shape helps the fibre standing upright for a longer time and gives each blade of grass a very natural look just like real grass. You will love the look and feel of it.
FIBRILLATED OR MONOFILAMENT
There are two types of artificial grass fibres: fibrillated and monofilament. With the production of fibrillated fibres, the plastic is pressed through an extruder head and will look like a thin film (similar to videotape). Small notches are then made in this film. When the film is pulled apart, a honeycomb structure is formed. The wide film is spun around until a strong, rounded fibre is formed. The disadvantage of fibrillated fibres is that they do not look like natural grass fibres. Over time, the notches will split further and the product will become more natural looking. This type of fibre is often cheaper and often used for sports fields and public playgrounds.
Royal Grass artificial grass is made from monofilament fibres. These fibres are pressed through the extruder head as ready-to-use fibres (similar to spaghetti). Several fibres are then combined and coiled to create a bundle that forms the grass pile. Usually, monofilament fibres have a more natural look. The level of flexibility, softness and wear resistance depends on the ratio (dTex), the shape (V-shape & MiNT) and the raw materials used.
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WHAT IS DTEX?
DTex is used to express the ratio between the length and mass of fibres and is measured as the weight of the fibre per 10,000 metres length. For instance, a dTex of 10,000 means that a fibre with a length of 10,000 metres weighs 1 kilo. The fibre thickness is also important: the thicker a fibre is, the longer it will stand upright. With Royal Grass artificial grass, the effect of the fibre thickness is strengthened by the V-shape to keep the blades of grass standing upright.
The total weight of the fibres per square metre in relation to their height can also give you an idea of the quality of the product. Just as with carpet, the denser the weave, the more durable – or resistant to wear – the grass will be. Please note that this can have a negative impact on the ornamental/decorative function or appearance, as a thick artificial lawn grass does not automatically looks more natural! A useful guideline for the ratio between a natural fibre weight per square metre and the fibre length for artificial grass types with a root zone (also called thatch) is a minimum weight of 45 to 60 grams per millimetre of fibre length.
THE BACKING OF ARTIFICIAL GRASS
The backing consists of woven fabric, usually made of polypropylene. This material can be strengthened with weft threads or by adding extra layers. To allow an even more secure attachment of the fibres, Royal Grass generally uses a double backing. A good backing is of great importance for the stability of the lawn. It should not suffer from various weather conditions, including rain, heat and frost. If the right backing is used, your artificial lawn will last longer.
To attach the artificial grass fibres to the backing, a liquid blend is spread across the back. The exact blend can differ per manufacturer, but it is usually made of latex. Latex is a product that is safe for the environment in terms of production method as well as use. We never work with a blend from polyurethane (PU) as this a chemical product that presents more safety risks during production.